Availability estimation of navigation aids


Abstract

Ground network of waypoints has been commonly used for different navigation tasks. Detection and positioning of aircraft location line in 3D airspace are the most important of them. Aircraft location determination by signals from ground-based waypoints is a part of alternative positioning algorithms in flight management system. A new method of radio navigation aids availability in particular airspace volume has been represented in paper. It includes cylindrical model of NAVAIDS service volume according to three basic types: Terminal, Low altitude and High Altitude. Proposed method uses digital elevation model of terrain data for detection of radio sight line and availability estimation in 3D space of NAVAIDS. The simple model of diffraction process was considered to increase accuracy of the method. However, diffraction model has been used only for peaks of relief. Represented method has been used for availability areas estimation of VOR and DME waypoints network for Ukrainian airspace. Availability areas of waypoints were highlighted in contour lines according to data in Aeronautical Information Publication. Also, the total number of NAVAIDS combination was estimated and indicated in contour graph for region.

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Остроумов І. В. Оцінювання доступності наземних радіонавігаційних засобів / І.В. Остроумов // Вісник НТУУ «КПІ». Серія Радіотехніка. Радіоапаратобудування. – 2017. – № 69. – с. 35-40. Ostroumov, I. V. (2017) Availability estimation of navigation aids. Visn. NTUU KPI, Ser. Radioteh. radioaparatobuduv., no. 69, pp. 35-40. (in Ukrainian)
 

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References


Перелік посилань

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References

Ostroumov I.V. (2014) Navaids facility for aircraft positioning. The Sixth World Congress "Aviation in the XXI-st century - Safety in Aviation and Space Technologies", Vol. 2. pp. 3.2.1-3.2.5.

CS-25 (2010) Certification Specifications for Large Aeroplanes, EASA, 807 p.

Kharchenko V. P. and Ostroumov I. V. (2012) Avionics, Кyiv, NAU publ., 281p. (in Ukranian)

Lilley R. W. and Erikson R. (2012) DME/DME for Alternate Position, Navigation, and Timing (APNT), APNT White Paper, 10 p.

Tromboni P. D. and Palmerini G. B. (2014) An algorithm to rationalize a DME network as a backup for GNSS aircraft navigation. Journal of Air Transport Management. Vol. 34, pp. 6-11.

Ostroumov I. and Kuzmenko N. (2016) Accuracy estimation of alternative positioning in navigation. IEEE 4th International Conference Methods and Systems of Navigation and Motion Control (MSNMC), October 18-20, pp. 291-294.

AC 90-100A (2007) U.S. Terminal and En Route Area Navigation (RNAV) Operations, Advisory Circular, FAA, 32p.

AIP of Ukraine (2017) Aeronautical Information Publication of Ukraine. Published by AIS of Ukraine under the authority conferred by the State Aviation Administration.

AIS (2016) Aeronautical Information Services. SDO Reporting - DME. Eurocontrol, Brussels.

Fujii M. A (2016) New mode of radio wave diffraction via the terrestrial surface plasmon on mountain range. Radio Science, Vol. 51, Iss. 8, pp. 1396–1412.

Sayantan Das, Priyank Pravin Patel and Somasis Sengupta (2016) Evaluation of different digital elevation models for analyzing drainage morphometric parameters in a mountainous terrain: a case study of the Supin–Upper Tons Basin, Indian Himalayas, SpringerPlus, 38p.






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