Spectrum Smoothing Method for OFDM Signals Detection in Frequency Selective Channel





OFDM, smoothed spectrum, double thresholding, interval of orthogonality, frequency channel, frequency selective fading


Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) technology has become widespread in civil and military radio systems, especially in channels with frequency selective fading. Due to the large number of OFDM signal schemes, an urgent task for modern radio monitoring systems is development of methods and algorithms for detecting such signals that will be stable in the uncertainty of OFDM signal structure and electromagnetic environment. At the stage of detection, the characteristic feature of OFDM signal is presence of frequency channels in its spectrum envelope. In this research, an algorithm for detecting an OFDM signal in the frequency domain and for estimating the number of frequency channels and duration of the interval of orthogonality was developed. To make a decision whether signal is present in realization of the normalized to the energy spectrum, its variation was used. This approach avoids estimating noise power. In case of signal samples detecting spectrum is double-smoothed using moving average. This provides better smoothing than with a single long window. Thereafter, double thresholding is performed. The second threshold is calculated using samples that have not exceeded the first threshold. Samples that have exceeded the second threshold are considered signal. Next, a search is made for occupied frequencies with a given bandwidth. The samples located in this band are re-smoothed and give spectrum trend, which is used as a threshold to determine the boundaries of frequency channels. OFDM signal is considered detected if equidistant frequency channels were found. After that, duration of the interval of orthogonality is calculated. The proposed method requires a slight complication of the spectral analysis procedure based on the fast Fourier transform. Proposed method can be used for improving broadband radio monitoring systems and provide practically simultaneously implementation procedure of OFDM signal detection-recognition.

Author Biography

M. V. Buhaiov , S. P. Korolov Military institute, Zhytomyr, Ukraine

кандидат технічних наук



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How to Cite

Buhaiov , M. V. (2021) “Spectrum Smoothing Method for OFDM Signals Detection in Frequency Selective Channel”, Visnyk NTUU KPI Seriia - Radiotekhnika Radioaparatobuduvannia, (85), pp. 33-40. doi: 10.20535/RADAP.2021.85.33-40.



Telecommunication, navigation, radar systems, radiooptics and electroacoustics